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因为是历史爱好者一个,所以对周围的变化显得漠不关心(所以想法略有僵硬),因为喜爱战争机械,所以时常幻想着第n次世界大战(这···这难道就是传说中的中二么?)。因为信奉存在主义,所以一直坚信存在即有理(现在正纠结于高中历史书越来越像政治这一问题)。因为曾被唯心主义毒害,所以常表现为一种近乎狂热的自信(我就是真理!),其实内里是个十分谦逊随和的家伙。

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U-534 German U-boat  

2009-11-01 00:34:45|  分类: 外国文献 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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看了这个才知道,当个翻译多么的,痛苦。基本上是连蒙再猜的才勉强给看了下来。希望各位也尝试着看看练习一下英语水平。

Unterseeboot 534 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of the Kriegsmarine and was built in 1942 in Hamburg-Finkenwerder by Deutsche Werft AG. The U-boat is one of only four large German WWII submarines in preserved condition remaining in the world, the only other IXC boat being U-505 in Chicago.[1] She was used mainly for training duties, and during her life sank no other ships.

 Wartime history
After the commission, U-534 was assigned to the 4. Flottille for training purposes and weapon testing, including the new acoustical torpedo Zaunkoenig T-5, until February 1944. Then she was reconfigured (main gun removed, flak added) and in April transferred to 2. Flottille. Her first war patrol was plagued by an oil leak and bad weather in the North Atlantic and all that was accomplished was collecting weather data. On the second patrol, from August 25 1944 to October 24 1944, the boat had to escape the Allied blockade of Lorient, and make it back to a friendly port. Again, no ships were sunk, but an attacking Vickers Wellington bomber was shot down. U-534 then was transferred to 33. Unterseebootsflottille and put out of duty until May 1, 1945. On May 5, 1945, she was on her last wartime patrol, when the captain was notified about Admiral Doenitz' order to surrender.[2][3]


 Incidents leading to sinking
On 5 May 1945, for unknown reasons, the captain of U-534 ignored the order to surrender, issued to all U-boats by Admiral Doenitz, and set course for Norway instead. To this day, mystery still surrounds U-534's refusal to surrender; however, numerous theories exist. What seems to be established fact is that U-534 was sailing on the surface of the Kattegat, together with 3 other boats, when British Liberator aircraft attacked. The crew managed to shoot one bomber down, and nine depth charges of the bombing runs missed, but then the boat received a direct hit. U-534 began to take on water as a result of the damage to her aft section by the engine rooms, and sank north-west of Elsinore, in position 56°39′N 11°48′E? / ?56.65°N 11.8°E? / 56.65; 11.8? (U-534). The shot down B-24 must have come down nearby, but all crew on board the plane were lost.

U-534 had a crew of 52 men, all of whom escaped and 49 survived. Five were trapped in the torpedo room as she began to sink but escaped through the torpedo tubes just in time. One of these crewmen, 17-year old radio operator Josef Neudorfer, failed to breathe out as he was surfacing from depth and died from damage to his lungs. The other two deaths were caused by exposure.[2][3]

 Salvage
The submarine was found in 1986 by the Danish wreckhunter Aage Jensen, nicknamed "Dynamite-Aage".

U-534 lay forgotten on the sea bed for nearly 50 years until 1993, when Danish media millionaire Karsten Ree sponsored the raising of the submarine amid rumours of Nazi gold and intense media coverage. Hopes of gold treasure were disappointed, however, as the ship contained nothing extraordinary.[4]

One plausible explanation for U-534's refusal to surrender lies in the discovery of three experimental T11 torpedoes found in the aft section of the vessel. Only 38 of this type were made, and they were unique in that they had revolutionary acoustic homing systems which were developed as a countermeasure to the British Foxer decoy system. While it's not known why U-534 was carrying such advanced weapons, it does offer a possible explanation for her captain's refusal to surrender.

The only person who may have known the real reason was the vessel's commander, Herbert Nollau. He committed suicide in 1968 and took his secret to the grave with him.

Museum Ship

Transported to Birkenhead, England in 1996, the vessel formed part of the Warship Preservation Trust's collection at Birkenhead Docks until the museum closed on 5 February 2006. On 27 June 2007, the Merseytravel transit authority announced that it had acquired the submarine to display at the Woodside Ferry Terminal.[5]

For technical reasons and to facilitate economical transportation to its new site, the vessel was cut into four sections. It will be displayed in this form to allow visitors better access and visibility.[6] Merseytravel said that preserving the hull intact would have created prohibitive transport costs.[7] Engineers began a month-long operation to break up U-534 using a diamond wire cutter on 6 February 2008. Beginning on 10 March 2008, the sections, each weighing up to 240 tonnes, were transported by floating crane over a number of days.

The U-Boat Story exhibition opened on 10 February 2009.

U-534 German U-boat - 老曼施坦因 - 鲜血与金属之荣耀曼帅的博客

U-534 at the Nautilus Museum, Birkenhead, Merseyside, England.

U-534 German U-boat - 老曼施坦因 - 鲜血与金属之荣耀曼帅的博客

Part of the hull and conning tower of U-534.

U-534 German U-boat - 老曼施坦因 - 鲜血与金属之荣耀曼帅的博客

Evidence of damage caused by the battle that sunk U-534.

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